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  • Philippe Gauthier

The Importance of Emotional Quotient in the Recruitment Process



In today's professional world, technical skills alone are no longer sufficient to ensure employee success. Increasingly, companies are turning to more holistic assessments, including examining the emotional quotient (EQ) of candidates. But is it truly relevant to administer an emotional quotient test to a potential employee?


The emotional quotient, often abbreviated as EQ, refers to a person's ability to recognize, understand, and manage their own emotions, as well as those of others. Unlike the Intelligence Quotient (IQ), which measures cognitive abilities, EQ evaluates an individual's emotional and social skills.

So, why has EQ become an increasingly important criterion in the recruitment process?


First and foremost, studies have shown that emotional quotient is closely linked to professional success. According to a survey conducted by TalentSmart, 90% of top performers have a high EQ, while only 20% of low performers exhibit high emotional skills. These figures underscore the crucial importance of EQ in predicting workplace performance.


Additionally, a study by the University of Virginia found that individuals with a high EQ earn an average of $29,000 more per year than their counterparts with lower EQ. This correlation between EQ and compensation highlights the direct financial impact of emotional skills on an individual's career.


Furthermore, EQ is often considered an indicator of an individual's adaptability. According to research conducted by the Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations, 71% of employers believe that EQ is more important than IQ when it comes to long-term professional success. This growing recognition of the importance of EQ speaks to its crucial role in an ever-changing work environment.


However, it is important to note that EQ should not be the sole criterion considered in the recruitment process. Technical skills, professional experience, and company culture are also essential factors to evaluate. Additionally, there are debates about the validity and reliability of EQ tests, underscoring the need for a balanced approach in the recruitment process.


In conclusion, while emotional quotient is not a universal panacea, it can provide valuable insights into a candidate's interpersonal skills and adaptability. By judiciously integrating EQ into the recruitment process, companies can better assess candidates' potential to succeed and thrive in their roles.


What do you think? Do you believe that EQ should play a role in the recruitment process? Share your thoughts in the comments below!

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